The federal republic of Nigeria is a large country on the coast of West Africa. It has a population of over 170 million people and is by far the most densely populated country in Africa. Nigeria is the economic centre of the region and a very important hub in the international trade triangle that connects South America, West Africa and Europe.
The state of Eritrea is a small country on the coast of the Horn of Africa, bordering on Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti. The population of Eritrea is only six million, and highly dependent on agriculture, with cannabis becoming an increasingly important crop.
Like any other medicinal plant, cannabis has intrinsic properties that allow it to produce both beneficial effects and undesired side effects. Some of these side effects are cognitive, such as the impairment of the short-term memory or the potential to trigger psychotic episodes in susceptible individuals. The negative physical side effects of cannabis include an increase in oxygen consumption by the heart tissues and, as we shall see in this article, the capacity to accelerate the progression of fibrosis in individuals suffering chronic Hepatitis C, if cannabis is consumed regularly and not just on a sporadic basis.
Some terpenes can affect the “grey matter”, since they block the neuronal receptors they modify the permeability of the neuron cell membranes. These terpenes can also have an impact on the levels of serotonin and dopamine, two of the main neurotransmitters responsible for altering a person’s mood and activity. When terpenes are mixed, each affects the brain in its own way. Some complement each another and others cancel each other out. Therefore, every combination is unique in terms of psycho activity.
After Berlin it was Cologne’s turn. Attending the 2nd Kölner Dampfpara.de (Cologne Steam Parade), people were on the streets of the river Rhine’s metropolis last weekend to stick up for cannabis as a medicine. In comparison to the event in Germany’s capital a few weeks back, only a fraction of protesters attended last Saturday, September 7th, but still, the number of participants doubled in comparison to last year. Everyone there campaigned for cannabis as a remedy, known to human kind since centuries.
Ethiopia is a large, landlocked country in East Africa—in the area known as the Horn of Africa—and is home to almost 92 million inhabitants, making it the world’s fourteenth most populous country. Ethiopia is the site of one of humanity’s earliest civilizations, and has been an important centre of culture throughout history.
Natural remedies and medicinal plants capable of curing a wide range of illnesses have been used throughout the ages.
The fact that cannabis is capable of regulating sugar levels in blood, which could help to improve diabetes, has been known for some time. This gives it the potential to be a natural way to fight this very common disease.
2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is the other main endocannabinoid, that along with anandamide, has an effect on the CB receptors in the central and peripheral nervous system. Specifically, 2-AG is a full agonist of both CB receptors, and is the primary ligand (binding molecule) for the CB2 receptor.
Anandamide is also known as N-arachidonoylethanolamine or AEA, and is an endogenous analogue of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Anandamide has an effect on both the CB1 and CB2 receptors; with the CB1 receptors more affected in the central nervous system and the CB2 receptors more affected in the periphery.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. It has been known since the 1970s that cannabis is an effective treatment, but concerns about side effects have made the medical community reluctant to endorse it. This article compares cannabis with conventional treatment options, and anticipates new, superior cannabinoid based therapies.
Cannabis has been shown to have some effect on the symptoms of hypertension, but as with many diseases, the link has not been fully determined and much controversy remains. Hypertension is a chronic condition which increases the arterial blood pressure, forcing the heart to work harder than usual and often putting it under enormous strain. Hypertension is also associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis, stroke, aortic aneurysm and peripheral arterial disease, and is the most significant preventable risk factor for premature death throughout the world.
The issue of whether it is safe to use cannabis during pregnancy is one that has caused a great deal of controversy in recent years, as this beneficial herb becomes ever more medically and socially acceptable, and consumption rates continue to climb. Current consensus holds that heavy cannabis use during pregnancy may lead to a reduction in infant birth weight, and possibly increase the risk of conditions such as pre-eclampsia. However, the extent to which this occurs may depend on the method of consumption, as well as various other factors.
Sufferers of multiple sclerosis (MS) have long claimed significant benefit can be gained from smoking cannabis. An early study into the effect of cannabis on MS sufferers was conducted in 1997, where researchers conducted an anonymous survey of U.S. and U.K.-based patients to systematically assess its various benefits.
Dr Ben Whalley, who is leading the research at the department of pharmacy at the University of Reading, said tests in animals had shown the compounds effective at preventing seizures and convulsions while also having less side effects than existing epilepsy drugs.
Primum non nocere - "First, do no harm"