by Scarlet Palmer on 13/07/2018 | Medicinal

What’s the difference between CBD oil and full spectrum cannabis oil?

CBD oil and full spectrum cannabis oil One recurring issue that has appeared on social media, on various blogs, and even in newspapers, is the misconception that cannabidiol, or CBD, oil is the same thing as what has become known as full spectrum cannabis oil, or FSO. One is neither a substitute for, nor interchangeable with, the other. Understanding these differences is vital.

Cannabis oil is in the headlines again, especially in the UK. Having lagged behind most of Europe and the US in terms of taking full advantage of the medical potential of cannabis, the UK is now in the throes of considering cannabis rescheduling.

The population is attempting to come to terms with everything from CBD products suddenly appearing in health food shops to full spectrum cannabis oil now being permitted for two children with epilepsy.

All this is taking place against a backdrop of the news that the UK is the world’s largest exporter of medicinal cannabis, shipping out over 2 tonnes in 2016 alone. This figure is dwarfed by the amount produced in the UK in the same year, a massive 95 tonnes. In a twist that would seem far-fetched in a novel, let alone a newspaper, 45 acres of cannabis is being grown by British Sugar.

The managing director of British Sugar is Paul Kenward. He’s married to Victoria Atkins. She’s the UK Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Crime, Safeguarding and Vulnerability, which means she’s responsible for drug policy. And yet, in the UK cannabis is still scheduled as a Class B drug, defining it as having no medicinal value!

Why is it so important to know the difference between CBD oil and cannabis oil?

There are various important differences between cannabidiol, or CBD, oil and full spectrum cannabis oil. They range from how the two types of oil are made, to their legal status, and most importantly their effects on the human body. It can be tricky to stay on top of all the developments and differences in the rapidly evolving field of cannabis, even in a country where it’s more or less legal.

Potential harm can come from people thinking they can cure serious afflictions using regular CBD products

In the quagmire of partial information, misinformation, and flat-out falsehoods about cannabis that is the state of play in the UK and Europe, it is no surprise that there is confusion about the difference between CBD oil and full spectrum cannabis oil. What is deeply worrying is the potential harm that can come from people thinking that they can treat serious afflictions using regular CBD products.

(The impetus for this article came from a comment, on a news story about full spectrum cannabis oil, from a person who thought they would be able to cure their father’s cancer with 3% CBD oil from a health food shop.)

CBD is an astonishing cannabinoid, but in its current commercially available form it cannot cure cancer, stop epileptic seizures, or accomplish the kind of major feats that full spectrum cannabis oil sometimes can.

What is in CBD oil?

Cannabis oil (Full Spectrum) and CBD oil: what’s the difference?
There are obviously many different CBD products flooding the market right now, and generalising about their composition is not as useful to our readers as being specific about the Sensi Seeds CBD range.

The cannabidiol used for Sensi Seeds products is blended with organic hempseed oil, both ingredients sourced from industrial hemp plants grown in the EU. To offer the most convenience, Sensi Seeds CBD oil comes in capsules; mixed with coconut oil, for a milder flavour; and in original form with a dropper for dosing.

The most important component is the cannabinoid CBD, or cannabidiol. CBD is not psychoactive, but it does have relaxing and anti-anxiety properties. The main difference between CBD oil and full spectrum cannabis oil is that cannabidiol is the only cannabinoid in CBD oil.

What is in full spectrum cannabis oil?

Full spectrum cannabis oil, or FSO, contains the complete range of cannabinoids and terpenes that can be extracted from cannabis. These are the components that are known to have medicinal properties, many of which are still being researched and explored. FSO also contains the flavonoids and other compounds that give cannabis its unique flavour profiles.

The main difference between FSO and other extracts such as shatter and wax in terms of the content is that these compounds are carefully included rather than lost during the filtration process.

Legality of CBD oil and FSO

The legality of both CBD and FSO is still being refined, debated and flat-out argued about in various countries around the world. CBD is fully legal in areas of the US where cannabis itself is legal. In the UK and EU, CBD products are legal as food supplements.

However, it is important to note that they cannot be sold as anything other than food supplements without the approval of medicinal authorities, and the certification of the retailer as a pharmaceutical business. In other words, if CBD is a medicine, it has to be prescribed and sold as a medicine.

FSO, since it contains THC, is illegal everywhere that cannabis is illegal. It must be remembered that the production process is also illegal because it involves large amounts of cannabis plants. The UK currently stands at the tipping point of crucial change, catalysed by Charlotte Caldwell. Her 12 year old son Billy needs FSO to control his frequent and potentially fatal epileptic seizures.

She brought a bottle back to England which she had legally obtained in Canada and declared at Customs when she entered the country. Seized at Heathrow Airport, her son’s vital medicine was not returned for nearly a week. It took Billy being rushed to hospital and a huge public outcry for this callous decision to be reversed.

Medicinal applications of CBD and FSO

As already stated, CBD in Europe sits in the awkward position of a substance that is not recognised as a medicine, yet undoubtedly has therapeutic properties. There are currently 2,034 results for research papers on cannabidiol on PubMed, the online resource of the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health.

Both anecdotal and scientific evidence indicate that CBD oil can help with an extensive range of aliments including, but not limited to, arthritis, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and epilepsy. Research continues apace, so it is certain that this list will continue to grow.

Full spectrum cannabis oil is also still under investigation, and also promises to reveal a plethora of medicinal uses. The current evidence demonstrates that full spectrum cannabis oil successfully carries and concentrates the effects of beautifully grown, strong cannabis. Therefore, everything that can be treated with herbal cannabis can potentially be treated with even greater efficacy using full spectrum cannabis oil.

As mentioned above, the characteristic that really sets full spectrum cannabis oil apart from CBD oil (and indeed, all other types of cannabis and hemp oil) is that it contains all of the bioactive compounds of the buds it is made from, so that the entourage effect – a phenomenon that is still not fully understood – is not lost, but concentrated.

This is why it is especially effective for children, as the ease of administering oil is obviously much greater than that of administering cannabis buds, and the dosage can be far more accurately calibrated.

How are CBD products made?

All Sensi Seeds CBD products start with CBD oil, which is perhaps unique among CBD oils in that Sensi Seeds has complete oversight and quality control over every stage of the manufacturing process, from seed to final item. The whole process is detailed here (with a great animation!). A crucial difference between Sensi Seeds CBD oil and other cannabis oils is the extraction process, which is accomplished with supercritical CO2 rather than solvents.

How is full spectrum cannabis oil made?

Cannabis oil (Full Spectrum) and CBD oil: what’s the difference?

Full spectrum cannabis oil is also made without the use of solvents. Because all types of cannabis oil still exist in an unregulated market, it is difficult to say what the standard method is for them. There are methods which use very strong alcohol, and even butane. The latter was used for the earliest versions of cannabis oil but has since been surpassed.

The most modern and effective techniques are the ones that retain all the 500 plus bioactive compounds that ripe buds of cannabis contain, not just the cannabinoids. These techniques and the equipment needed to achieve them are still very limited in their availability. Unfortunately, full spectrum cannabis oil is not something that can be made in a domestic kitchen.

As legislation advances to allow access to more sophisticated and therefore more effective medicinal cannabis products, it is to be hoped that more and more laboratories open up to producing true full spectrum  cannabis oil.

Which one is right for you?

This is the question that, unfortunately, we can’t answer. If you are interested in knowing more about what cannabinoids can do for your health, exploring the many articles on this blog about the medicinal use of cannabis is a good start. This article was specifically written for doctors and other clinicians as an introduction to cannabinoids; it could serve as a good foundation and starting point for discussions with your healthcare provider.

As with all changes you are considering making to your diet or healthcare routine, always consult a qualified medical professional first.

Comment Section

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Great article . I shared it with my Doctors . Thank You for the dedication to explaining full spectrum and hemp oil are not the same medical benefits . Tho Hemp oil is great , The full spectrum I use is much more efficient .


Scarlet Palmer

Hi Willow,

Thank you for your kind words about the article, I'm very glad you found it useful (and I hope your doctor did too)! I hope you continue to enjoy the blog.

With best wishes,




Why do Sensi Seed only sell CBD oil and not the full spectrum oil then? I know it's illegal in most European countries but not where Sensi Seed is based



Hi there, FSO oil is illegal in the Netherlands. There is only one pharmacy in Den Haag where medicinal cannabis users can purchase FSO oil (with a valid prescription that is). Have a good week! Olivier


Anthony paul wooldridge

Thank you for explaining.
I recently came in to contact with an elderly gentleman who is in serious pain with a hip that is very painfull,,but due to age ,cant be operated on..
He is willing to try anything and is now discussing it with his GP.
I feel for him and did wonder if fso or cbd 16% would help
As its organic,as opposed to pharmacutical pain killers.????
Anyone informed,,would love some other opionions.



Anthony, I hope your gentleman friend can find an informed doctor. I’m 71, (can’t bring myself to consider myself elderly just yet!) & have had serious problems with fibromyalgia, lousy knees from years of running, a broken tailbone, & deteriorated discs in my back & neck causing pain. I’ve been using CBD for just over 2 months & have so much less pain than before. When I started I told my dr, & he said to increase the dosage of what I’d started with. And that did the trick. Hardly any pain at all unless I do something stupid & try to lift heavy boxes. A friend who is 74 has been using while awaiting knee surgery, & has found it helped him as well. My sense is that in his case the FSO is the best bet, but that’s a dr’s decision if it considered a controlled substance.



A very unsatisfactory article. What is the point of telling people about FSO if you do not tell how it can be obtained. Also what is the point of denigrating home-made FSO when Rick Simpson seems to have so much success. Thirdly what is the point of saying there is only one process to obtain FSO without saying what it is.



Hi Doug, thanks for your comment. Unfortunately FSO is still illegal, also here in the Netherlands. There is only one pharmacy in The Hague where medicinal cannabis users can obtain FSO (with a valid prescription that is). By no means do we want to disrespect Rick Simpson. We are as thrilled about his success as everyone else and interviewed him back in 2006. You can find the interview here. Have a wonderful week! Olivier


Bill Muscarella

One question; what is the difference between Cannabis Hemp oil and Cannabis Marijuana oil using the following types of Cannabis sativa, Cannabis sativa Hemp Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis and/or a hybrid of each combined in regards to medical use?

How do eCBE's work in this medical formula?



Hi Bill, Cannabis and Marijuana is the same thing. Hemp contains very little THC and is used for food and commercial products like paper, rope, canvas, and textiles. Have a look here for the difference between Indica and Sativa. Best, Olivier


Sebastião Costa

Olá! Sei que todos os produtos de origem da cannabis não são vendidos para o Brasil. A minha pergunta é: eu posso comprar pessoalmente numa loja no Reino unido ou na UE e trazer para o meu pais? Qual seria a implicação legal se ele vendido como suplemento alimentar?


Scarlet Palmer


Receio não poder responder a essa pergunta, pois não sei sobre a lei brasileira. Meu conselho é entrar em contato com um especialista legal no Brasil, e / ou com os funcionários da Alfândega e do Consumo, e verificar com eles antes de decidir trazer quaisquer produtos de maconha (incluindo o óleo da CBD) para o seu país. Desculpe eu não posso ser mais ajuda!

Com os melhores votos,




On a weekly basis via Twitter, iProactively call for the legalisation of Cannabis. iAm astounded by the blatant and deliberate ignoring of the facts regarding Cannabis and it, a health benefits. Our Government time and time again resorts to using public health safety as the reason for banning all use of Marijuana, while being the largest manufacturer and exporter of Full Spectrom cannabis oil.

It is time we the British public took our government to court for deliberate control of Marijuana purely to profit rich entrepreneurs by turning a herb into a commodity for wealthy government funded businessman.

Even after a quarter of a million signatures in 2017 calling on the UK government to hold another debate in Parliament to legalise the recreational use of Marijuana, Our government refused to debate it and to this day, refuses to legalize recreational use of cannabis a week after agreeing to license Full Spectrum Cannabis oil from October 2018.

In a country where the common people have lost faith in its democracy, in it’s corrupt governmen, this revolution to free the weed, is a very hard struggle.

iAlso Voted To Remain In Europe BTW✖‬


Diane King

This explanation was excellent I didn’t know the difference and now I know what I need to use thank you so much


simon Trenchard

I think the government are hypocrites and are attempting to protect their business interests. I read in the Gaurdian that the Prime Minister, Mrs May, her Husband is a major shareholder in GW Pharmacueticals who have over 40 patents registered for cannabis products.
As for the drugs ministers husband growing acres of weed and her declininng to talk on the subject...shame on them all. Why theheck have they criminalised and ruined so many honest but sick people's lives when there profiting from weed.
They should give a pardon and compensation from their profits. There just dealers withicences



Great article, thnx . For the sensitive person use chemical meds. for years,cbd is a welcome alternative and good start into hemp as medicine. To feel confortable the patient need a experienced individual advice . Greets hp.


Marion Fread

Because of Atrial Fib and Neuropathy, and my medications I cannot use


Justin Kenp

Thank you for sharing such a important information, as rarely people know this use of CBD. I know about CBD but not aware the CBD can be use in this way as well.


Carson Corrigan

Good morning

I trust that this message finds you well. I have tried to contact you via email but it has bounced twice now so I am giving your contact form a go.

I enjoy blogging in my spare time and I have written a couple of articles for your blog




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