Cannabis in the United Kingdom – Laws, Use, and History

The United Kingdom flag and a man holding a small cannabis plant

It’s illegal to possess or sell cannabis in the UK. However, cannabis law reform is happening, albeit slowly. Medicinal cannabis use was legalised in 2018 and CBD is now available to buy. Despite the fact that cultivation is illegal, the UK remains the world’s largest exporter of medicinal grade cannabis, and is the largest illegal exporter too.

    • Capital
    • London
    • Population
    • 69,074,000
    • CBD Products
    • Legal under 0.2% THC
    • Recreational cannabis
    • Illegal
    • Medicinal cannabis
    • Legal since 2018

Cannabis laws in the UK 

Can you possess and use cannabis in the UK? 

Cannabis was made completely illegal in the UK in 1971 – in the Misuse of Drugs Act.  

It’s still illegal to possess or use cannabis in the country, though the penalties aren’t too severe if caught with small amounts for personal use. It is classified as a ‘Class B’ drug, along with amphetamines, codeine, ketamine and barbiturates.  

If police find a small amount of cannabis in the offender’s possession, they’re most likely to issue a warning or give an on-the-spot fine of £90. This applies regardless of whether the cannabis belongs to the offender or not. If under 18 years of age, the police have the right to inform the offender’s parent or guardian.  

According to some reports, the authorities usually adopt a laid-back approach to prosecution of cannabis use and possession. For example, rates of prosecution in Cornwall and Devon are as low as 15%, and Durham’s police force have stated that they no longer target recreational users at all.  

The penalties can be adjusted, depending on: 

  • The quantity of cannabis in the offender’s possession. 
  • Where the offender and the cannabis were found (for example, if it was a larger quantity outside a nightclub, there is the suspicion that the offender intended to sell the cannabis to others). 
  • Personal history (previous drug offences etc.). 
  • Other aggravating factors.  

The maximum sentence for possessing cannabis is up to five years in prison, an unlimited fine, or both.  

The UK’s government reviewed their drugs policies at the start of 2019. To the disappointment of cannabis advocates across the country, they announced that no reforms would be made. However, the appointed chair, Dame Carol Black, stated that she would review the impact of reform in other countries (such as Portugal and Canada – both known for their progressive laws).  

One advocate, writing for The Guardian, highlighted the advantages of cannabis law reform, stating that “under legal regulation, cannabis would only be sold to adults, the market could be taxed, policing costs would fall and there would be more money to spend on proven prevention, treatment and harm reduction interventions.” 

For the time being, though, it seems unlikely that the UK will move to decriminalise the use or possession of small amounts of cannabis.  

Can you sell cannabis in the UK? 

Selling and distributing cannabis is regarded as a far more serious offence in the UK. Those caught selling or supplying any Class B drug (including cannabis) may be given up to 14 years in prison, an unlimited fine, or both.  

In reality, these penalties are rarely imposed, unless the trafficking operation is large-scale or high-profile. Sentences are usually given based on the individual’s history, the quantity of cannabis they’re caught with, and how they intended to supply it.  

The ‘Category of Harm’ is also taken into account. It is considered a Category 1 offence if the amount of cannabis is 200 kilograms or more. Category 2 is between 40 and 200 kilograms, Category 3 is between six and 40, and Category 4 is anything 100 grams or over.  

Other acts are also regarded as ‘intention to supply’ in the UK. The Drug Trafficking Act (1994) defines trafficking as not only giving or selling cannabis to others, but also transporting, storing, importing or exporting it.  

Can you grow cannabis in the UK? 

The production or manufacture of any drug is illegal in the UK, and this includes cultivating cannabis. However, a UN report found that 95 tonnes of cannabis was grown in the UK in 2016 for medicinal and scientific use. This made up close to half of the world’s total.   

In addition to this, the UK is also the world’s largest illegal cannabis exporter, and delivers 67.7% of the globe’s total, to be consumed in other countries.  

Unsurprisingly, some have called the extensive cultivation for medicinal purposes hypocritical, given how difficult it is to obtain medicinal cannabis in the UK. Philip May, who is the husband of the UK’s Prime Minister, Theresa May, is a significant investor in GW Pharmaceuticals; the producers of Sativex, one of the world’s most commonly used medicinal cannabis products.  

A cannabis plant just sprouting

Is CBD legal in the UK? 

In 2017, the UK finally recognised CBD as a medicine. The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MRHA) classified CBD as a medicinal ingredient, based on its efficacy, and the fact that it meets with their standards of safety and quality (which CBD products must maintain). 

The UK’s Home Office permitted the sale of CBD oil in the country, providing that it contained no more than 0.2% THC (the substance responsible for giving users the ‘high’).  

Licences for CBD oil as a medicine have not yet been granted, but CBD can be sold legally, providing that no claims are made about its medicinal benefits. Some retailers, such as the high street health-food store, Holland and Barrett, sell a range of CBD products as food supplements, and topicals containing CBD.  

A cannabis plant and a jar of CBD oil

Can cannabis seeds be sent to the UK? 

Cannabis seeds can be used, purchased and sold legally in the UK. It’s also legal to have them mailed into the country, and mailed out. However, they cannot be used for germination purposes, nor can they be grown into cannabis plants.  

Medicinal cannabis in the UK 

Medicinal cannabis products were legalised in the UK in 2018, and registered doctors were given permission to prescribe these products to “patients in need”. Access is currently restricted to a limited number of healthcare practitioners, but this is likely to expand as more doctors receive medicinal cannabis training.  

The laws were reformed based on two high-profile cases earlier in the year – that of Billy Caldwell and Alfie Dingley, who both suffer with childhood epilepsy. In April 2018, the Dingley family were forced to ‘openly smuggle’ cannabis oil from Canada to treat their son’s condition. The UK’s media rallied to their support, putting pressure on the government to review their legal stance.  

While the decision to legalise medicinal cannabis was welcomed by many, some commented that the laws were too restrictive, meaning that the products would only be available to a few patients.  

A medical cannabis form and an orange tub with cannabis spilling out

Alex Fraser, patient access specialist at Grow Biotech, told Wired: “We’ve seen a huge reluctance from doctors and pharmacies to risk their licences by facilitating access. The vast majority of people (…) are still being forced to rely on the black market to source their medication.” 

Sir Mike Penning, co-chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Medical Cannabis Under Prescription, criticised the government’s actions even further. He is quoted as saying: “Those responsible for this botched and cruel outcome should hang their heads in shame. Guidance and associated recommendations have effectively shut down the policy, crushing the hopes of many thousands of patients and their families.” 

Currently, only 3 products are available to patients. These are: 

  • Sativex – which is only prescribed for MS patients 
  • Nabilone – only prescribed for treating side-effects associated with chemotherapy
  • Epidiolex – only prescribed for children and adults with epilepsy

These medications would only be prescribed if all other treatment options have proved to be unsuccessful.  

Industrial hemp in the UK 

The UK has a small industrial hemp market, and it is legal to grow the plant with a government licence. It costs £580 for a licence, with renewals costing £326. Growers must also provide details about the seed type they are using, the THC content, and whether or not the seed is EU-approved.  

Certain restrictions are in place. For example, some locations may not be permitted or may require screening (e.g. near schools or public areas). The local police must also be informed of any hemp cultivation taking place.  

Organisations like the British Hemp Association are trying to expand the industry, largely through research conducted at York University and other institutions.  

A field of hemp plants

Politics and cannabis in the UK 

The politicians of the UK have varied attitudes towards cannabis. Many of the country’s most prominent MPs have openly admitted to using cannabis in the past, and when the legalisation of medicinal cannabis was proposed, the majority of MPs were either ‘strongly in support of it’ or ‘somewhat in support’. William Hague, former leader of the Conservative Party, went as far as to state that the current cannabis laws were: “inappropriate, ineffective and utterly out of date”. 

Norman Lamb, an MP for the Liberal Democrats, spoke out in favour of legalising the possession and consumption of cannabis. He put forward a bill that he claimed offered a “more rational alternative to this mess”. The bill was rejected by 66 votes to 52.  

Here’s a brief run-through of the main political parties and their stance on cannabis.  

The Conservatives 

The Conservative Party has traditionally adopted an illiberal approach to cannabis laws, and has often stated a belief that recreational use should remain illegal. The current Conservative government oversaw the introduction of roadside tests for cannabis and cocaine (leading to a one-year prison sentence and fines of up to £5000 if caught driving under the influence of drugs). This was heavily criticised, as the permissible levels of THC in the bloodstream were set extremely low.  


The Labour Party has had a varied relationship with cannabis laws. On the one hand, ex-Labour Prime Minister Tony Blaire reclassified cannabis from Class B to Class C. Five years later, his successor, Gordon Brown, changed it back to Class B again.  

Despite traditionally adopting a much more liberal approach than the Conservatives, Labour has never made any mention of decriminalising recreational cannabis use.  

Liberal Democrats 

Under the leadership of Nick Clegg (who went on to form a coalition government with the Conservative Party), the Liberal Democrats declared the need for significant reform; including decriminalising cannabis for personal use.  

The Green Party 

The Green Party is the only political party that openly and consistently states that cannabis use should be decriminalised. They also advocate the availability of medicinal cannabis to all those who need it.  

The Scottish National Party 

The SNP have stated in the past that they want drug policy to become the remit of the Scottish Parliament, rather than under the UK’s control at Westminster. Nicola Sturgeon, the current leader of the SNP, has also spoken out in favour of decriminalising cannabis.  


Although UKIP is a relatively far-right party and not known for its liberal policies, ex-leader Nigel Farage stated that all drugs should be decriminalised, as the war on drugs had been lost “many, many years ago.” 

Good to know 

If you are travelling to the UK (or currently live there), you may be interested to know the following: 

The UK’s cannabis history 

It’s believed that hemp and cannabis have been grown in the UK for centuries. Seeds were discovered in a well in York, which experts believed dated back to a 10th century Viking settlement. Further excavations revealed that it was mostly grown around the coastal areas, which suggests that the people of the UK were using the fibre for seafaring purposes; for example, making ropes and fishing nets.  

In fact, hemp was so important to the people of the country that King Henry VIII created a law in 1533, insisting that all landowners had to grow allotments of hemp. His daughter, Queen Elizabeth I, later increased the quotas that they had to cultivate, and introduced penalties for those who failed to meet the required targets.  

Cannabis wasn’t perceived as a drug or medicine until the mid-1800s. William Brooke O’Shaughnessy studied the effects of the plant while working in India, and his reports brought cannabis to the attention of medical experts in the UK and beyond.  

Although cannabis began to be prohibited in the UK’s colonies, it took a while longer for it to be banned in the UK itself. The British Indian Hemp Drugs Commission declared that “little injury” was caused by its use. It wasn’t until 1928 that it was finally recognised as a ‘dangerous drug’ and banned.  

Although cannabis continued to be used in the country after this, its use wasn’t mainstream until the 1960s. Hippy culture meant that increasing numbers of young people started experimenting with cannabis, leading the police to make considerably more arrests.  

In 1971, cannabis was listed as a ‘Class B’ drug – the second most dangerous grading.  

Cultural attitudes 

Many people in the UK have a relatively laid-back attitude towards cannabis use; particularly younger people. A YouGov survey found that 43% of respondents support its complete legalisation; however, nearly as many oppose it. 

When asked whether cannabis should be decriminalised or made legal, respondents answered as follows: 

  • 40% believed that it should remain illegal to use 
  • 24% believed it should be decriminalised 
  • 27% believed it should be legalised 
  • 9% weren’t sure 

The majority of British people also regarded cannabis as less harmful than tobacco or alcohol. 

As for medicinal cannabis? Another study showed that 76% of the British public would consider taking a medicinal cannabis product if it was prescribed to them by their doctor. Younger people (aged 18 to 24) were more likely to consider it – 81% in total.  

UK cannabis social clubs 

There are around 80 cannabis social clubs in operation in the UK. Some even have their own premises, and most have between 100 to 150 members, as well as thousands of affiliated individuals.  

The UK’s cannabis social clubs are largely inspired by Spain’s trailblazing clubs, which provided members with a safe environment in which to cultivate and use cannabis, whilst knowing exactly what strain it was, and how potent.  

The United Kingdom Cannabis Social Clubs National Committee (UKCSC) has three key aims: 

  • To have the UK government permit people to grow cannabis in their own homes. 
  • To legalise the sharing of cannabis without fear of prosecution. 
  • To legalise the consumption of cannabis in a social group, within the confines of a private club or establishment.  

Will it be legalised in the future? 

At present, neither of the two main political parties (Labour or Conservative) have stated any intention to decriminalise cannabis for recreational purposes.  

While the legalisation of medicinal cannabis marks a step forward, its current restrictions mean that cannabis-based medicinal products aren’t widely available. The government have expressed intentions to rectify this – only time will tell if this happens or not.  

  • Disclaimer:
    While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it is not intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and/or lawyer.


119 thoughts on “Cannabis in the United Kingdom – Laws, Use, and History”

  1. anyone still here? :- )
    i’m just wondering…what’s the point, on the surface, of having the seeds if you can’t germinate or grow them? >- }

    “Can cannabis seeds be sent to the UK?

    Cannabis seeds can be used, purchased and sold legally in the UK. It’s also legal to have them mailed into the country, and mailed out. However, they cannot be used for germination purposes, nor can they be grown into cannabis plants.”

  2. Jeez this article is 6 years old yet apppears as a side link on your site as if it was written recently

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hi there,

      Thanks for pointing this out. We’re currently in the process of updating the blog and especially the articles focusing on legal and medical matters, so I’ll pass this on to the correct department. In the meantime, I hope you continue to enjoy the blog.

      With best wishes,


  3. As far as I can see from pages online, CBD Oil from Cannabis, which has a THC content of 0.03% or lower is legal.
    CBD made from Hemp is legal, as it has a THC content of less than 0.03%.

    What’s isn’t clear is … if CBD with 0.03% THC an be sold as a food supplement, but there doesn’t appear to be any regulations specific to it in regulations about ‘food supplements’. Then it’s a wander into the nightmare world of food labelling, doses, etc.

    If CBD from Cannabis and Hemp is marketed as a medicine, with ‘claims’ of medicinal benefits, then one must obtain a medicines licence.

    It’s also impossible to find out UK Import Duty on CBD in bulk for UK distribution.
    One final word; I am so disheartened to see that people have been campaigning for ‘legalisation’ when what was needed was decriminalisation. Legalisation now means that very large pharmaceutical companies will be the main benefactors of this legislation…and we all know how dangerous ‘Big Pharma’ drugs can become. For me, it’s a very sad that a completely beneficial plant is to be carved up and given to massive ‘harmers’.

  4. Paul Maguire

    Do drs in the NHS need a licence to admin CBD oil to patients? My grandson is waiting to hear whether or not Epidiolex CBD will be given to him for his chronic epilepsy condition. Not sure if his consultant is right regarding getting this prescribed. We need to know so we can put him right about this important matter.

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hi Paul,

      Thank you for your comment. The most recent official news that I can find right now is a report in the Guardian from Monday 25th of June which states that Epidiolex “should be available to prescribe by doctors in Britain and the rest of Europe by mid-2019 if the European Medicines Agency approves it early next year.” However, things have moved quickly in the UK in the last few weeks and it’s possible that your grandson’s case is under review since the breakthrough decision to allow Billy Caldwell to use full spectrum cannabis oil.

      I’m sorry I can’t give you a more definite answer. If you’re not already in touch with the United Patients Alliance, I strongly recommend you get in touch with them – they are easy to find on Facebook and can offer support, advice and up-to-date news on all aspects of medicinal cannabis.

      With best wishes,


  5. Having been involved in pharmaceutical and other research I know that Applied Research, when sponsored by companies, can be skewed towards profit making.

  6. Ivor Tantrum

    The big pharmaceuticals have known for years that Hemp and Cannabis plants hold many ingredients to cure us. They will lose millions on there products that is why we are being lied to and suppressed, Same with governments. The UK is the biggest grower/supplier of cannabis for medical re search and supplies several tons a year to other countries so the UK is a drug dealer in its own right but puts its subjects rights last. For 2500 years cannabis has been used as a medicine. When we extract from Heroin its OK to use it as a medicine, nothing more said because it is not called heroin. CBD is one of over 100 different compounds found in the plant and has now been classed as a medicine and is legal to use and buy in the UK. So lets stop calling it Cannabis, its an extract of so it is not Cannabis and should not carry the stigma name making the uneducated fearful. We also get fuel from the hemp plant, can make paper out of it, oil for cars, oil for cooking.. so whats the issue. The big guns will lose out.

  7. Maurice King

    I have been a victim of the UK drug laws , I have spent numerous year’s in Scottish prisons for cannabis. My future was ruined 30 year past , I hope for future generations the laws are changed

  8. How to sensibly buy LEGAL cbd oil? Because I got a letter saying customs has confiscated my package two times already and I’m pissed.

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hi Lydia,

      Thanks for your comment, sorry to hear that you are having problems. Did you order the oil from Sensi Seeds? If you prefer, you can try larger health food stores, who should have CBD oil.

      With best wishes,


  9. David Winter

    If the debate fails on 6 July through ‘filibustering’ I would like to propose the imprisonment of those responsible. Let’s all keep a close watch on the events of that day so we can identify them clearly.

  10. David Winter

    Roughly 50 days between 26 Feb 2018 and today. At 450 cancer deaths per day in uk that makes about 22,500 people who have died since the saboutage of the ’legalise cannabis’ bill debate. With about 80 more days till the next slot for this debate scheduled for 6 July, that’s a further 36,000 people to die. Rough maths done mentally while tired; corrections welcome.

  11. Unfortunately British politicians are bought and paid for by pharma. Don’t expect decency or honesty from them.
    We should start a home grown epidemic in this country!

    1. James Adams

      Nope the UK government is not better than this Theresa May claims cannabis has no medicinal or therapeutic value but let’s the husband of our so called drug tzar a license to grow and export medical cannabis making the UK the biggest producer and exporter of cannabis in the world, EU citizens can legally smoke Dutch medical cannabis here but not a British citizen who will get arrested how is that fair

  12. Of course – aren’t they getting paid by big pharma to keep cannabis away. Big phrama has a huge budget to spend on lobbying… we wont see it legalised for a while yet.

  13. Another face

    So here we are in 2018 & I wonder if we really have moved forward at all. Sure the kid on the street with a 1/8 th gets a warning however growing I dunno.

    Having just ripped down my meds after a heads up my neighbour has grassed me up I really do wonder.

    It’s postcode lottery and if your unlucky tough they still won’t leave you alone medical or not.

    The council are worse than the cops so wadda you do buy on the street again well tried that mmmm nice infused cannabis turps m8 thanks for the migraine !

    See you in Holland again !!!

  14. The UK’s Cannabis Trade Association (CTA), an umbrella organisation for all sorts of cannabis related businesses in the UK, has been informing its members that they should stop selling all raw cannabis flower/bud. This includes some well known, established brands which sell whole and crushed flower, including teas etc.

    Apparently the CTA has informed its members that possession and/or selling of raw, unprocessed cannabis flowers contravenes the Misuse of Drugs Act, 1971.

    There are a few small businesses in the UK (presumably not members of the CTA) which are starting to sell higher grade, imported, CBD rich cannabis flowers which comply with the EU legislation on <0.2% THC content. However, if the CTA is right, these flowers are illegal in the UK and these businesses could probably expect to get a knock on the door from the authorities.

    What about say, shish or resins, both of which are processed and many of which could contain less than 0.2% THC? If a producer/seller crushed whole flowers and removed stalks/seeds, would the resulting product be considered a processed product and therefore legal?

    If the understanding of the CTA is correct, not only does this seem to be ridiculous (nothing new for UK law), but it is also likely to cause further confusion. If some businesses continue to sell raw flowers, there will likely be more prosecutions and less likelihood of the market being better regulated and consistent regarding what is on offer for consumers. If the market for CBD-rich flowers is closed down in the UK, people who want them will be forced to go to illegal sources, just like those who want to get hold of THC rich cannabis. The UK government and the advisors they choose could do with giving their collective head a good shake!

    Does anyone else have more information on this development?

  15. scientists doctors police officers MPs a’ class celebrities UFC fighters movie stars rappers Richard Branson there are too many mainstream activists for us to be silenced much longer I honestly truly believe the time is near for the UK for recreational and medicinal purposes. 20 years daily use no problem no side effects. free the weed lose the stigma

  16. Please de criminalize this plant has been proven far more harmless , and all the reasons for it being made illegal in the first place are almost common knowledge these days!!
    As always Cannabis was made illegal because it threatens so many big businesses the oil the paper it can be made into cloth its a very very exciting medicine
    Cannabis is less harmful than sugar ,,, so my point is we should be able to utilise this plant and have a healthy planet
    But unfourtuntley even though we have proven its a cure for Hundreds of illnesses our goverment says it has Zero medicinal benifit ,, are they really so stupid NO they dont want this Non toxic herb simply because it threatens there lifstlye
    But I beg them please Free Cannabis I dont want to be a criminal

  17. Please beg our slave masters for something that is an inherent Right..
    Prohibition is a claim of ownership of the individual and their consciousness.
    The only reason hemp cannabis is illegal is to keep a handful of wealthy people rich and in control.
    Medicinal benefits are longer than a laundry list. Humans have an endocannabinood system and our Ill health coincides with this plant being taken away and replaced with pHARMacuticle garbage!
    Hemp also threatens big cotton, oil, plastics, logging.
    Hemp can save the world, but human (consciousness) slavery must change first.

  18. The medical profession are happy to prescribe medication from pharmaceutical companies which have trrrible side effects worse than initial reason for prescription. The medication is becoming more toxic to the body and withdrawals Are noticeably wicked . Why can’t patients be given chance to take something more natural which does have more benefits ? That toxic pharmaceutical medication that’s earning companies billions and nhs can’t afford to prescribe to people due to costs ? Where is logic here

  19. Barbara Grace

    I feel that the medical profession should open their eyes. This cannabis was used in the 70’s for the pain releif for arthritis and many other ailments. I want to know why it was stopped. It has a proven track record and yet the governments are all digging their heels in. What will it take to really help the sick? You would have fewer people using the NHS, so fewer problems there, doctors would not be so overloaded, so fewer problems there and lastly but not least you would have far happier patients.
    Is it because the pharma companies are not making any money out of it and thereby no taxes can be collected for this med? Is it because government officials have no finger in the pie when it comes to the sales of this med? How much control does the governemnt really want out of all of this?

  20. Mel Cabezas

    I think general practice Doctors should be able to prescribe medical cannabis to patients who will benefit. The usual ‘local chemists’ will be able to fulfill said perscription and people will be able to trust their medicine will have huge benefits and less negative side effects than most pharmaceutical drugs.

  21. They put fluoride in our water to block our pineal gland and forbid us to eat natural plants to stop us communicating with the earth? Is this so we continue to buy into the war machine. Personally, I don’t like cannabis but I am an activist on the War against Nature.

  22. Colleen Melville

    I live in BC, Canada and it’s legal to get a prescription for cannabis for medical reasons all across the country, regardless if percentage of CBD and THC. We can get it through licensed disturbers and medical dispensaries in many forms: buds, oils, capsules, teas, edibles, vaper, and even creams for things like arthritis. Cannabis IS classified as a herb. I got into using it for my epilepsy and was able to stop taking all of the anti-seizure drugs I was taking. I only need the CBD and it has treated my seizures a bit better than any of the drugs before; all 8 of them. It’s really hard to know were to start and it took sometime for me to find the right dose. I’ve found out that it doesn’t matter what ever strain I used as long as I knew what the percentage of the CBD was and did the calculations to figure out the dosage of the CBD. With the bud and the oils, it didn’t matter what strain I used as long as I got 120mg of CBD. That’s the way to use it; like any other drug. Right now in the government is going through the process the legalization of any use, medically or recreationally, later on this year (2018). As a note, in all of my research beforehand there has been NO documentation of anyone ever ODing on it. It’s harder to get addicted to it than alcohol and any other drugs, and it takes less time to treat the addiction for those that do. CBD should be legal anywhere in the world because as it doesn’t make you ‘high’, who wants to use it?

  23. There is officially 2mln people in UK declaring use of cannabis, if all of this 2mln would sign the petition to legalise cannabis, government would have to do something about it. We should all united and go on the streets to manifest our right to use this hemp, and that interest of big pharma companies should not be a issue. We are only strong as we unite, otherwise the so called government will ignore us. Lets unite, let’s spread the word, let everyone know that this hemp got a real power to change the world for better!!!

  24. I consume one teaspoon of CBD a day for MS, I find it helpful, it tastes horrible, are they all horrible o taste?

  25. Companies are legally selling Hemp oil CBD oil and tablets in the UK. How is this legal if growing and cultivating any form of Cannabis plant is illegal???

  26. Ajey Sareen

    I love what your doing, how can I get involved? I spend half the year in Jersey UK and the other half in Goa. Is this something you want to spread world wide? More info would be appreciated.
    Kind regards

    Ajey Sareen

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hello Ajey,

      Thank you for your comment! Unfortunately you cannot contact Finn or Feed The Birds directly through this blog, but both are on Facebook, just search for ‘Feed The Birds’ or @feedthebirds420.

      With best wishes,


  27. I’m a MM patient in Colorado, and have been for 10 years. I have degenerative spinal disease and a dislocated pelvis. I’m allergic to opiods, and Med Mar is a life saver.
    I’m coming to the UK on Thursday, and desperately want to bring some pill form THC/CDB. Dare I bring it boldly thru customs, in their original containers, with my patient/prescription card and ID?

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Dear Allan,

      Thank you for your comment. We are sorry to hear about your situation. Unfortunately, as Sensi Seeds is not a legal or medical practice, we are not able to provide any advice relating to medical or legal situations other than to consult your doctor or other licensed medical professional, or a lawyer or Citizen’s Advice Bureau. You could also try to contact local medicinal cannabis support groups, if you have not already done so. In the UK, there is the United Patients Alliance (you can find them on Facebook) and in the US and EU there are many branches of NORML (google NORML followed by your area name). We hope this is helpful.

      With best wishes,


  28. It is really quite simple. While the pharmaceutical companies have the monopoly on pain relief drugs any ‘free to grow’ natural pain relief or cures are going to remain illegal.

    It has been shown time and again the massive benefits of cannabis oil with cancer and other ailments, you will not be allowed to encroach on big company profits, simple as.

  29. Antje Cobbett

    The licensing of industrial hemp and the permission given to a pharmaceutical company ONLY to grow medical marijuana is giving farmers and pharmaceutical companies the monopoly and they want your money and a lot of it.

    I did try many years back to get a hemp growing license from the Home Office, but I wasn’t “big” enough, i.e. I didn’t have enough land.

    As long as I’m not allowed to grow industrial hemp freely and as much as I want to, then it’s illegal. I’m a hand spinner and I’m just so disappointed with all the noise that everybody makes about hemp being legal to grow, but let’s face it. It isn’t.

    One day I’ll emigrate to a country where hemp grows wild and I can harvest as much of it as I want to.

  30. I don’t use cannabis but I take a fair bit of medication for spinal stenosis had 3 ops on my back and have neck problems. I’ve heard cannabis is better and healthier than the pain patches and tablets I take so why can’t they make it legal to help people get a better life, it’s been used for years in other countries and it’s natural

  31. The trouble with commercially available CBD products is that their effectiveness may be very narrow in scope compared to finely tuned dosages where the THC/CBD ratio available from growers. another point worth noting is that CBD products can theoretically have the THC component accentuated by the use of acidic compounds according to some sources..

  32. Chemney Young Blunt

    CBD oil should be legal world wide. This extract is amazing from helping with pain among other health benefits.

  33. Chemney Young Blunt

    The problem is that the pharmaceutical companies that produce Those powerful opioid pain killers will be loosing a lot of money if the pain med would be weed.

  34. Raymond Maher

    Do you think it would be possible to ask my Doctor to prescribe this,or would i be putting her in a bad position by doing so.

  35. Chris oshea

    On medication for maralgia parascetica also haemchromatosis painful joints free the weed UK ban all poison meds

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hi Heather,

      Thanks for your comment. In the UK, cannabis with less than 0.2% THC (known as hemp or industrial hemp) is legal to purchase from people licensed to grow it, and their resellers, as a herb or in products such as teas. So the short answer is yes. Since CBD, another cannabinoid prevalent in cannabis and currently the subject of both research and controversy for its medicinal applications, now has a questionable legal status in the UK, it remains to be seen whether selling hemp buds will remain legal for much longer. There are more details in this post .

      With best wishes,


  36. CBD Oil should be legal everywhere I was hooked on prescription drugs for years to “help my anxiety” and it did nothing but cause other problems. I was turned onto CBD OIL and it changed my life. I use CBD Oil everyday and it works better than anything I have tried in the past. I would recommend it to everyone. I am so glad to see that it has been recognized as a medicine in the UK. That is truly what CBD Oil is.

  37. jerry lalonde

    I live in Canada and have nerve damage on both lower legs. I’ve heard of a patch you can get that helps with nerve damage. Do you have anything like this and is your product legal in Canada. ty

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Dear Jerry

      Thank you for your comment. We are sorry to hear about your situation. Unfortunately, as Sensi Seeds is not a medical practice, we are not able to provide any advice relating to medical situations other than to consult your doctor or other licensed medical professional. This article, written specifically for healthcare providers who may not be aware of the many properties of cannabis, may be useful to you in talking with your doctor. You could also try to contact local medicinal cannabis support groups, if you have not already done so. In the UK, there is the United Patients Alliance (you can find them on Facebook) and in the US and EU there are many branches of NORML (google NORML followed by your area name). We hope this is helpful.

      With best wishes,


  38. Seeing as the UK hasnt actually left the EU yet then it is governed by EU laws as far as I am aware. It hasnt stopped us exporting there and neither should it.

    The re classification of a ‘herb’ into a potential pharmaceutical is nothing new, profits dictate the governments interest, not the public health. We have administered cbd for many years, we know its benefits, we have provided evidence for decades. We also show similar benefits from other plants and herbs and spices that undoubtedly have medical benefits too. Do these things need a license to sell them? Of course not, what are we going to do, agree aples are beneficial and put them on prescription?

    If this evidence and peoples genuine findings were really considered any rational caring government would ensure everybody is aware of it and recommending it’s use. This could potentially save billions in health care allowing the public services to be financed properly. There are no toxins, it has never been illegal.

    Clean products, as in any food related industry is important here. Know your sources, of course. But that is all, the rest is all profiteering and backdoor pharma opportunities. The British people need to continue waking up

  39. I suffer from a rare condition called chronic cluster headaches there’s no cure i have to have injections into the base of my head every month the medicine they use are steroids I tried cbd and it stopped them.I would like to see this sold in high street shops as I carnt use internet suppliers due to be being declared Legally bankrupt

  40. Marlane Dodgion

    I have neuropathy in my feet and there is a lot of pain will this stuff work for me

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Dear Marlane,

      Thank you for your comment. We are sorry to hear about your situation. Unfortunately, as Sensi Seeds is not a medical practice, we are not able to provide any advice relating to medical situations other than to consult your doctor or other licensed medical professional. This article, written specifically for healthcare providers who may not be aware of the many properties of cannabis, may be useful to you in talking with your doctor. You could also try to contact local medicinal cannabis support groups, if you have not already done so. In the UK, there is the United Patients Alliance (you can find them on Facebook) and in the US and EU there are many branches of NORML (google NORML followed by your area name). We hope this is helpful.

      With best wishes,


  41. Myra Ann Sahlholdt

    Cbd. oil is and shall continue to be a dietary supplement. Everyone shall be able to choose this Alternativ possibility. Cbd. oil definitely will make us healthier. I am a great believer of this. It needs to be legal.

  42. The idea actually came from my good friend Neil Parsons who asked Finn to take it over .
    Never forget where good ideas come from

  43. Same issue. Have to take morphine everyday. They’d rather prescribe smack than let me smoke cannabis.

  44. Margaret Chorley

    I have Parkinson’s disease Andre only thing I am allowed for my pain are big pharma drugs. That is the real problem. Canabis would stop the bug pharma from making so much fro fit on the poison that they give us, the poison. They call medicine…

  45. hi wondering if you can help me i suffer from bad back and neck pain for over 14 years after a serious R.T.A
    i have taken all types of pain killers that don,t seem to work as well as cannabis does for me and i don,t like the side effects from the prescription drugs
    it is becoming hard to find the right quality cannabis on the street
    and i would never attempt to grow my own as i am very afraid of the law as i have 2 young children living at home with me .
    any advice or help would be very greatful

    i have supported this group and alot of others form they began

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hello Pete,

      Thank you for your comment, we are sorry to hear about your condition. If you are living in the UK then I strongly suggest you get in touch with the United Patients Alliance, who can at least offer you some emotional support. You can find them on Facebook

      Wishing you all the best,


  46. I think UK isn’t even in the stone age,
    How can a natural herb provided by our so called God be illegal…..
    It has so many healing properties and you don’t get gangs of stoners fighting in town centre’s due to alcohol, they too busy laughing and enjoying life and raiding fridges!
    The problem is the young ones that think they can’t go a day without a blunt, and go out robbing to fund their habit.
    We should all be able to grow our own personal medication, rather than taking stomach rotting man made drugs…..

    1. I agree, kids are the problem just as they are with tobacco products and alcohol products. I have fibromyalgia and smoke cannabis every day in small amounts and if it wasn’t for stupid kids and the government i would be able to grow 1-2 plants and save my self a small fortune as well as stop having tablets all the time which have already messed up my stomach.

    2. Your answering your own question really governments and pharmaceutical companies will lose to much revenue from man made medicines there in each others pockets if it was aloud governments will lose tax on the man made products as will the big companies that are also taxed on there income same with cancer research if the have the cure the millions and millions of pounds research gets from donations ect ever year will cease the companies involved will all have nothing to gain its all a big scam
      Countries with no national health ect seem to be thriving quite well with these relaxed laws speaks for itself

    1. Hope you don’t mind me asking, how were you caught with 4 plants? How did the police know you were growing them?

  47. William burndred

    Technically we already have the hemp industry in the UK as a company called gw pharmaceuticals is growing it to produce a product called sativex but it’s very expensive and doesn’t seem to be doing very well, Surley this means that at some point in the future we can look forward to smoking weed in peace and possibly hold best cannabis growing competitions?

  48. Suzanne Edwards

    I’m already on morphine, but even that doesn’t mean I have any quality of life, it eases the pain minimally, but my next epidural isn’t due for another 10 month, even though my neurologist, investigating my seizures, said that the seizures were due to my body not being able to cope with the pain!
    I’m willing to try anything!
    I’ve read the Telegraph newspaper stating that canines will not be prosecuted for personal use, but where do I find where to buy a plant, and how to grow it etc?

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hello Suzanne, thank you for your comment. We are sorry to hear about your condition.

      As we are not medical practitioners it is not possible for Sensi Seeds to give medicinal advice, but you could try asking your GP about Sativex, which is licensed for prescription in the UK. There is some information about Sativex here, and a blog post specifically aimed at medical professionals who want more information about medicinal cannabis and the medicines that are derived from it here.

      We also cannot advise you on where to get a plant for legal reasons. However, our forum has a vast amount of information about cultivation, from beginner to expert level, and many regular users who contribute advice and answer each other’s questions. You can also find a handy map of all the places that Sensi Seeds can send seeds to here. I hope this can be of some help!

      With best wishes,


  49. What a stooshie about a herb , AND what an industry to be losing at a time of cut backs/ austerity / lack of jobs / and senseless people or / and politicians fighting about something which has grown for thousands of years on this planet , Heyyyyy .. .. how is it that Holland is thriving and not going to the dogs eh ..? Reason – they are / were an historical seagoing nation who grew hemp for rope production ( hemp doesn’t rot in sea water / air ) just remember this the next time you go over to Holland for some ” Temple Balls ” or equivalent ..
    p.s. Let’s see some grown up discussion on this issue and solve it once and for all and at least have an industry which uses this product for ALL the good uses it has ( shoes/ clothing / rope production / and as an alternative to dangerous plastics ), both medicinal and for recreational use.

  50. Brinna Nanda

    CBD oil can be extracted from Hemp, and might be an option for those that cannot get their hands on an abundant supply of high THC cannabis. Mixing the extracted CBD with some THC will support the endocannabinoid system. It’s important to start eating right. No meat. No sugar. Lots of fresh organic vegetables and fruits. Juicing is important. Protein from plant sources: chia seeds, hemp seeds, flax seeds.

    Find and follow a cancer-specific dietary plan on line, that you can stand.

    Good luck, light and love.

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hi Cali,

      Cultivation is still illegal in the UK even if it is only one plant. It is not possible to say whether jail time would result from being caught with one plant as there are too many variables to be certain.

      With best wishes,


      1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

        Hi Sam, thank you for your comment.

        Yes, I’d like to think so too, but for legal reasons (above and beyond what is legal or not in the UK) I unfortunately can’t just say ‘yeah go ahead, you’ll be fine if it’s only one.”

        With best wishes,


    2. Don’t listen to that crap Bro,no way jail time for one plant unless its your tenth offence and your growing a tree out your front yard.

    3. I got caught coming out of a ten light grow with 7 kilo hanging up drying when they then went back to my home and found another grow in a tent with herb hanging drying i got a conditional discharge and no criminal record as i have a rare blood cancer and was making oil if you can prove its medical the laws are changing…….. this was in 2016

    4. Maurice King

      I got caught with one plant the cops broke it in half & left it at that . I moved address & have since cultivated numerous grows with success . Be careful on who you tell & where you grow . The least folk know the better. Best of luck to everyone in the illegal UK

    5. You should not grow it! It is illegal and the drug is harmful to peoples minds. You are allowed to buy the seeds but you can only use them for bait, bird seed and you are allowed to eat them.

  51. Hi all just leaving a quick reply not sure if I would be allowed one of these prescriptions I suffer with a dibilitating disease in my head I suffer on a daily basis with the pain and No painkiller works I’m on Oxygen at home and have found smoking cannabis releaves my pain and I found myself smoke it everyday who do I speak to about getting a prescription as my doctor won’t acknowledge that cannabis helps me

  52. James Warren

    Firstly my deepest sympathy to Mike & family. I wrote a few lines a few days ago asking if it was possible at all for someone to put us in touch with someone who can supply us with the 50/50 tch/Cbd oil. I look forward to hearing from you.


    James Warren

  53. Natalia Richardson

    Please help I’m looking for 50/50/ oil cbd and thc for advanced ovarian cancer please help us uk

  54. Following a recent breast cancer diagnosis, my wife is very keen to avoid the chemo/horrendous side effects route and find a good quality source of cannabis oil 50/50 THC/CBD. Can anyone put us in touch with a supplier please?

    Many thanks,


  55. Blacks law act and sat can only be forced by consent only it’s not law!!!!!!!!!! You the police don’t no this because why would learn you this in school

  56. The UK 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act has produced so many innocent victims that politicians must be terrified of the compensation bill should it ever be officially admitted that UK drugs policy is pernicious, iniquitous and discriminatory, which would be the implication of any reform. One feels that the best one can expect from mainstream UK politicians is “masterly inactivity”.

  57. chris howard

    i smoke canabis, i have, PD. RA. Enphysema. Ank Spon, charge cultivating, using, Guitly as charged. Misuse of drugs. not guilty

  58. Hi there
    I also suffer from Neuropathic Pain,afer having had in excess of 25 major operations after a hospital botch up.and, like the other lady’s comments I’m on Morphine Patches aswell. I DO FIND THAT CANNABIS HELPS MY PAIN, I SMOKE IT, though I do battle with my head as I know I’m going against the law, and morally I know it’s wrong, but what are people like myself Who battle everyday with chronic debilitating conditions supposed To do hope? Just trying to get through the day with all that pain. I do hope that in time the Drs will be able to prescribe Bedrocan.

  59. Hi, I need some advice I suffer from very bad nerve pain they tried every drug, and the pain clinic has told me no more treatment, so am on patches of morphine and liquid morphine, I have lost so weight because of the pain and been sick on the morphine, I just happen to come cross this page please please can anyone point me in the right direction because the NHS around here will not entertain the idea of medicinal cannabis, and rather give me morphine when my weight is 40kg am only 33 years old and live in the Lincolnshire area!!!!!!!!!

  60. Matthew Sands

    Watched this with tears in my eyes. Brave and righteous words from a brave and kind man.

  61. Matthew Sands

    Mike was a very kind and compassionate man and his passing is truly sad. He did so much to try and help others and was tireless in his efforts. He touched the lives of many people and will be missed by both his family and friends and all who were lucky enough to meet him or communicate with him.
    RIP Mike

  62. Cannabis N.I.

    Could do with some bird feed here in N.Ireland. We made contact with Feed The Birds via Facebook, but because we are not a cannabis club they were not keen to send us any feed.

  63. Chris Thorpe

    Is there anyone in the u.k who is producing cannabis oil that you could put me in touch with or pass on my details so they can get in touch with me please. My father is in the process of being diagnosed with mouth cancer and I would like to get him started on the oil as soon as possible.
    Kind regards

    1. Scarlet Palmer - Sensi Seeds

      Hi Chris,

      I’m sorry to hear about your father and we wish him a speedy recovery. Unfortunately, cannabis oil (as in, containing THC) is illegal in the U.K. at this time. CBD oil, which may also have a therapeutic effect, is legal in the UK. The most reputable source I know of for CBD oil at this time is Endoca, who are based in Denmark. I hope this is useful to you.

      Thank you for commenting.

  64. I went to the Brighton meeting tonight. Excellent. Please let know of other UK events
    Best regards

  65. Michael Robinson

    I’ve managed to get nabilone, but after having tried every other drug which either had bad side effects or simply didn’t work.

    Nabilone is a synthetic cannabanoid. Still expensive for the NHS (after all, drug trials are only paid for, for artificial drugs as there’s no money in ‘herbal’ cures).

    I don’t have MS, but a weird variant of fibromyalgia/ME. Shakes, fatigue and neuropathic nerve pain. Also on gabapentin (2700mg), pramipexole (a first stage parkinsons drug… very effective for walking problems), and acupan (pain killer).

    Not sure if the interaction between gabapentin and nabilone makes the nabilone more effective, but the effects of one pill last two days (and make coffee taste REALLY good). Stops the nerve pain within a couple of hours, but is the only thing which does.

    The pain specialist thought it would be the most effective drug, but had to offer morphine and ketamine first, as they are cheaper. So… despite the health risks of morphine and ketamine, the NHS would sooner have you on those drugs and a complete zombie (and risk bladder and liver damage or addiction) than cannabis because of cost.

    I believe only a pain specialist can prescribe nabilone, but it may be worth a go. You will, however, find it much stronger than a joint.

  66. richard farrar

    a CLEAR member has returned to the UK from Holland with 90g of Bedrocan medicinal cannabis which was prescribed by his UK GP.

  67. Patrick Alves

    Here is what I received from the police.
    I am suffering from MS. My MS nurse told me I could go to the Netherlands, and get a prescription from a Dutch doctor for medicinal cannabis, and bring it back to London, legally. Is it correct??

    It is an offence to possess/supply cannabis in the UK. If you were to attempt to bring cannabis through customs, then you will be prosecuted.

    I am confused.

  68. Hi Ash,
    Cannabis could definitely provide you with pain relief and allow you to diminish your prescription drug intake, if not stop using them altogether. However, I must recommend you check this with your doctor first as we are not physicians.
    Concerning legal restrictions, certain countries such as the Netherlands tolerate the cultivation of up to 5 plants per household. Legislation differs per country so be sure to check which laws are in place in yours to ensure you do not put yourself at risk of legal prosecution.

    Take care!

  69. Hello I suffer from a chronic bad back. Issues with walking and looking after myself what would you recommend be the best way to go about it? As my fiancé has to help me with most day to day tasks, although giving cannabis a break for a year the pain has escalated and I feel that prescription tables are just poisoning me. As apposed to helping me I dont really care as it would only be for medicinal use. And the cost is an arm and a leg to just have a few hours of pain relief. Would I still get the rough end of the stick If it was less then 5 in cultivation?

  70. Matthew Barbour

    I’m a British journalist looking for help with a feature to go into The Sun newspaper’s health pages – I’m looking for a case study of parents who give their child cannabis for medical reasons – the focus will be around the health condition. It can be any condition, from MS to pain management. The parents will have copy control on this, so will know exactly how they’re being portrayed. We can pay a very good fee (circa ?500). Please get back to me asap if you know anyone who can help.

    1. Stefanie - Sensi Seeds

      Dear Matthew,
      Thanks a lot for your message. You will receive an email from us later today with some information.

      Best Regards –

  71. danny clarke

    im an ex heroin and other opiate user and suffer from spondylosis arthritis and a bulging disc in my back so opiates are a no go for me. i’m prescribed lyrica which have been a small help but not much so i started smoking cannabis after a four year break and it changed my life so much, now I’ve started to grow my own to try to reduce costs. its a shame i have to risk my freedom to exorcise my human rights and although i may up in prison for it i’ll keep doing it. why have another drug addicted figure added to their statistics when there’s no need

  72. Marti Wolfe

    I only discovered this BBC production yesterday, but even though it is several years old, I am impelled to comment.
    I am appalled – this production is far below the quality I usually associated with BBC documentaries.
    Indeed, it cannot justifiably be called a documentary at all. It is a biased, largely unscientific, anti-cannabis polemic, focusing for most of its 58 minutes on anecdotal accounts of “addiction” and only a few minutes on results on controlled studies.
    The production is not redeemed by the final five minutes in which cannabidiol is (barely) discussed, and the abundant research on anti-inflammatory, anti-emetic, anti-angiogenic action on colorectal rumors and much else of potential benefit, simply ignored.
    R.G. Pertwee of Aberdeen Medical School, arguably the world’s foremost cannabis expert, is not interviewed. This omission is quite unforgivable.

  73. Michael J Freeman

    Corruption in the UK surrounding the prohibition of a popular recreation substance namely the cannabis plant is endemic and we have now reached an Al Capone situation similar to the USA when alcohol was illegal where corruption in the police, legal profession and government reach the highest level. The police continue with their war on cannabis that is a war on the people whose birthright is all the plants on the Earth. It is paradoxical that cancer causing tobacco is legally on sale while cancer curing cannabis is illegal. Cannabis also cures many other illnesses as well and is useful in relieving pain. Such is the medicinal efficacy of cannabis as medicine that there is enormous resistance from the big pharmaceutical companies, owned by the greedy one per cent who tell governments what to do and whose main drug of choice is cocaine, who would lose billions if cannabis was decriminalized that until these criminal empires are destroyed that the UK government will be deaf to reason and justice.

  74. The Daily Mail have been spreading lies and distorting the truth about cannabis for many years. They intentionally seek to keep the public misinformed, leaving them indoctrinated with modern day ‘reefer-madness propaganda’.

    Its a shame because some people do take the Daily Fail seriously.

  75. The UK has an education system where the level and quality of education is mostly and unfairly dependent on social class. Unfortunately the poor are often left behind in a schooling system where free schooling is generally of very poor quality. The Daily Mail is mostly read by British people who were failed by the UK free education system and are unable to judge the veracity of the Daily Mail and other such bigoted newspapers.

  76. Sensi Seeds


    Thank you very much for expressing yourselves here!

    We'll be posting more information from around the world soon.

    Stay tuned!

  77. John Ancona

    love to, uk. Seems you’re the only hope in rational legal thinking with an open mind for everyone affected, not just those who are favorable to the laws. Alcohol is by all means a drug, regulated or not, and it is dangerous. I’ve witnessed first hand the violent tendencies of those who’ve had a few too many, and cannabis, or even most any other drug or substance, is a non-violent experience unrelated to health risks of some illegal substances. They should all be decriminalized. There is no one person, or whole government for that matter, that even has the right to tell you different. So I say live life to the fullest and don’t let false accusations cloud your judgement. P.E.A.C.E.

  78. Yes..this is the same story that has been going on for years..Ppl do not understand ..They probably will not…
    and its really not about public welfare at all …and YOu (author) already know that…it has to do with money and elections and public favor…also it has to do with wanting to keep the public dumb…so all psychedelic substances cannot be allowed…cause they make ppl ask questions about their own existence and make people search for their own answers…they dont like that..they want you to accept their answers about life and reality…..But you already knew that….

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Author and reviewer

  • Profile-image

    Sensi Seeds

    The Sensi Seeds Editorial team has been built throughout our more than 30 years of existence. Our writers and editors include botanists, medical and legal experts as well as renown activists the world over including Lester Grinspoon, Micha Knodt, Robert Connell Clarke, Maurice Veldman, Sebastian Maríncolo, James Burton and Seshata.
    More about this author
  • Maurice_Veldman

    Maurice Veldman

    Maurice Veldman is a member of the Dutch Association of Criminal Lawyers and one of the Netherlands’ most notable cannabis lawyers. With 25 years’ experience in the field, his knowledge of criminal and administrative law supports cannabis sellers and hemp producers by addressing the inequalities between the individual and the state.
    More about this reviewer
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