by Miranda on 09/03/2017 | Legal & Politics

The United Kingdom Officially Recognises CBD as a Medicine

CBD As of 2017, the UK's MHRA officially recognises CBD as a medicine, on the basis of scientific evidence. To protect patients, it has established standards of safety, quality and efficacy for CBD products. Although this is a positive development for patients and the British cannabis community, the medicinal value of cannabis is not recognised.

The United Kingdom’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has taken the decision this year (2017) to officially recognise and classify Cannabidiol, or CBD, as a medicinal ingredient. The agency justified its classification based on scientific evidence of CBD’s efficacy. It appears that in order to safeguard patients’ health, it has established standards of safety, quality and efficacy which manufacturers of CBD-containing products must meet. While undoubtedly this decision is a good sign for patients in the UK and for the UK cannabis community, there is still no recognition of the therapeutic value of the entire cannabis plant.

From 2017, Cannabidiol, or CBD, one of the cannabinoids that cannabis plants contain, will be classified and included in the United Kingdom’s list of medicines, following the MHRA’s decision on 13 October 2016, which was confirmed and updated on 30 December last year. Thus, products which contain this cannabis extract can be legally considered as medicines and not nutritional supplements or cosmetics, as has been the case until now.

“We have come to the opinion that products containing cannabidiol (CBD) used for medical purposes are a medicine,” an MHRA spokesperson said in the official notice published on the website of the agency, which is sponsored by the UK Department of Health.

CBD’s Medicinal Value is Officially Recognised

Apparently, unlike in other countries, cannabis policy in the UK is starting to be based on and backed up by laboratory tests from numerous scientific research, and is starting to take into consideration patients’ anecdotal experiences and first-hand accounts which show how CBD greatly helps in the treatment of diseases and disorders, which range from childhood epilepsy to autism and cancer, as well as a long list of others.

The fact that MHRA has decided to classify CBD as a medicine instead of dragging its heels for years by requiring further evidence from research and privately sponsored clinical trials means that UK patients are a step closer towards being allowed to use cannabis-derived products as legal medicines. This is undoubtedly a step in the right direction towards recognising this natural phytocannabinoid as a viable medicine.

The MHRA has reached the conclusion that products that contain CBD meet the second criteria of being classified as a “medicine,” since they can be defined as a “…substance or combination of substances that may be used by or administered to human beings with a view to restoring, correcting or modifying a physiological function by exerting a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action, or making a medical diagnosis.” It is a highly significant conclusion, because for the first time, the UK government appears to see cannabis as something beneficial.

The MHRA’s decision means that it is itself tasked with overseeing the production of CBD throughout the UK and monitoring companies that sell cannabis-based products. To this end, it has established standards of safety, quality and efficacy that manufacturers of products containing CBD must now meet, whereas previously there was no such requirement.

A few months ago, specifically last October, when the MHRA first publicly stated its position and intention to classify CBD in the UK’s list of medicines, the agency made the contentious and controversial decision to write to the sellers and manufacturers of CBD products that they must stop trading these products within the UK. At the moment, it is not clear if the update to the agency’s official notice implies the cancellation of such transactions, as some have taken it to mean. What is now apparent is the negative effect it has had on the market, which many patients rely on.

The United Kingdom Officially Recognises CBD as a Medicine - Sensi Seeds Blog
The MHRA has decided to include CBD in the United Kingdom’s list of medicines (CC. Steffen Geyer)

The Changes Were Said to Have Been Introduced to Safeguard Patients’ Safety

According to the MHRA, after discovering that a certain number of factories that manufacture these products have been clearly and openly making “statements about their medicinal properties,” the agency decided to investigate and examine the effects of CBD. A review of the evidence showed that “it was clear that people are using this product with the understandable belief that it will really help them.”

In order to prevent a market from taking root that is unregulated and potentially dangerous for patients who use CBD, from 2017, pharmaceutical companies may legally sell medicines containing CBD, provided they meet the standards of quality, efficacy and safety set by the MHRA.

Our main concern is the patient’s safety and we want to reiterate that individuals who use products with cannabidiol (CBD) to treat or manage the symptoms of their medical conditions must discuss their treatment with their doctor,” said a spokesperson of the agency.

As MHRA director Gerald Heddel said in an interview with Sky News: “The change really came about with us offering an opinion that CBD is in fact a medicine, and that opinion was based on the fact that we noted that people were making some quite stark claims about serious diseases that could be treated with CBD.

According to the agency’s statement, it was announced that the MHRA will now work with individual companies and trade bodies on certifying the CBD-containing products used for medicinal purposes, which may be classified as medicines and which meet the legal requirements of the Human Medicines Regulations 2012. It also said that it has already informed 18 companies of its change of opinion.

Only CBD’s Medicinal Value is Recognised, Not That of the Entire Cannabis Plant

The United Kingdom Officially Recognises CBD as a Medicine - Sensi Seeds Blog
Only the medicinal value of CBD has been acknowledged; the rest of the cannabis plant is being disregarded (CC. Biodiversity Heritage Library)

However positive the above developments may seem, we must not forget that in the UK, the possession, consumption and cultivation of cannabis remains illegal. This illegal status is extremely costly to so many patients who continue to lose out. Although the UK government, through the MHRA, recognises the medicinal properties of cannabis, or rather those of CBD, a phytocannabinoid compound that is found only in the cannabis plant, the fact remains that cannabis is still classified as a class B drug or narcotic, which has no recognised medicinal value. Anyone caught in possession of cannabis may be sentenced to prison.

Cannabis contains a series of components or active ingredients called cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids, which determine the strength of the plant’s therapeutic benefits. Some of these cannabinoids are very well known, as is the case with THC or CBD.

Undoubtedly, the best known is THC, cannabis’s psychoactive compound, basically the ingredient mainly responsible for cannabis’s effects on the brain or the high – an attractive effect for recreational users but which many medicinal cannabis patients do not want. This is one of the reasons why CBD continues to gain traction. It is one of the best known and widely studied phytocannabinoids to date, and by acting as a mediator of THC’s effects is generally considered non-psychoactive. This is why it is currently legal in more places than the controversial THC.

Due to CBD’s lack of psychoactivity, the medical community’s interest in the compound continues to grow. There is now solid anecdotal evidence of CBD’s efficacy and this has been proven in the treatment of numerous diseases such as cancer, depression, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and Crohn’s disease, as well as many other conditions and disorders.

Although CBD’s popularity is growing daily because it helps many people to deal with their symptoms without any side effects, currently, both the official medical community and clinical trials are lagging behind the individual and personal experiences of the patients who use cannabis or CBD-derived products.

However, we should bear in mind that the plant contains 70-100 phytocannabinoids in various concentrations, as well as other chemical compounds such as terpenes, terpenoids, flavonoids, and so on, which in turn have their own effects and work in synergy with the rest in what is known as the entourage effect of cannabis.

It is all very well and good that the MHRA is starting to recognise that CBD has, in its own words, a restorative, corrective or modifying effect on the physiological functions of humans, but we must not forget about the plant that it comes from. It is about time that we stop obsessing with stigmatising everything, or only certain things, that come from the cannabis plant, such as THC, which is also medically beneficial in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), amongst other conditions.

Patients’ Criticisms, Questions and Concerns

The United Kingdom Officially Recognises CBD as a Medicine - Sensi Seeds Blog
Cannabis activists expect this measure to at any rate re-open the debate in the UK regarding medicinal cannabis (CC. Rusty Blazenhoff)

The new classification of CBD appears to be a good sign for UK patients, but both patients and the country’s cannabis sector do not trust a government which previously had never seen cannabis in a positive light.

Although UK authorities have taken a step forward in assuming responsibility for the CBD market, whilst other European governments or the United States DEA do not seem to have any intention in following suit, not everyone is clear whether this decision was taken with patients’ safety in mind, or whether there are other types of ulterior motives that lie behind it.

The main area of concern is the supply of these products, which most people in the UK acquire and purchase through the Internet in an unregulated market which potentially puts users at risk. In the wake of the MHRA’s decision, according to which manufacturers must prove that their CBD products meet standards of safety, quality and efficacy, users fear that the degree of regulation that has been created is too stringent. There are concerns that this will result in an insufficient market and supply for those with medical conditions who cannot wait, and ultimately, will make it harder for patients who need CBD to access it.

Moreover, the fact that the decision only covers CBD, which is something very specific, and not cannabis as a whole, raises concerns because it could send conflicting messages to the public about the safety and legality of cannabis. Even so, activists campaigning to legalise cannabis think classifying CBD as a medicine reopens the debate on medicinal cannabis in the country.

Time will tell whether this decision marks a tipping point in the normalisation and legalisation of medicinal cannabis, or if it simply ends up benefiting a few pharmaceutical companies. We cannot fail to notice that it suits the UK company GW Pharmaceuticals very well that CBD is officially recognised as a medicinal product, as it is on the verge of obtaining EU approval for its new Epidiolex drug, a liquid CBD-based formula for the treatment of disorders such as childhood epilepsy.

If the UK medicinal regulation is applied to CBD products, manufacturers will need a licence to be able to sell them or register them as traditional herbal remedies – procedures which turn out to be very costly (the application alone costs around £103,000). Furthermore, they will be required to provide clinical data for the product, which also involves another significant additional expenditure. With a favourable legal framework for CBD as a pharmaceutical substance, the sector’s big companies could squeeze out many small competitors from the market.

Despite Everything, the Decision is a Landmark One

However you look at it, the fact that the MHRA recognises CBD as a medicine is a landmark decision in the history of medicinal cannabis in the UK, as it is the first time that the government, through one of its bodies, has taken a step towards officially recognising the medicinal value of cannabis.

The medicinal use of this plant goes back more than 2,500 years, and for centuries, it was used as an effective and popular medicine until the advent of Cannabis Prohibition and the failed War on Drugs. But we now have ample scientific evidence, as well as first-hand accounts from patients all over the world, including the UK, which corroborate its value and efficacy.

Over the course of 2016, there was a growing number of UK MPs who backed the petition for a “radical” reform of the drugs policy, which has been a failure. MPs from all political parties set up a group called All Party Parliamentary Group for drugs (APPG), which has presented a cross-sectional report that recommended legal access to medicinal cannabis for patients and, amongst other things, pointed out that the State coffers could increase its tax revenue by up to £1 billion in a year with the legalisation of cannabis.

We hope that the regulation of CBD products will the first of many steps towards ending cannabis prohibition in UK. Although, at present, it seems highly unlikely that the country will move towards anything like the legalisation of recreational cannabis, at least there are signs that a change is coming about where medicinal cannabis is concerned.

The United Kingdom Officially Recognises CBD as a Medicine - Sensi Seeds Blog
Despite the changes to CBD’s status, it currently seems unlikely that the UK will consider legalising the recreational use of cannabis (CC. duncan c)

Whilst the UK has classified CBD as a Medicine, Across the Pond, the DEA Classifies it Together with Heroin

Paradoxically, at almost the same time that the MHRA confirmed its plan to consider CBD as a medicinal ingredient, the DEA introduced a change that places even more restrictions on access for Americans to CBD oil, by placing all cannabis extracts, including cannabidiol, in the same class as heroin and cocaine, i.e. as Controlled Substances in List I.

This means that while across the pond the US anti-drug agency decided that all cannabis extractions or extracts, including CBD, have no medical benefits, thus ignoring decades of scientific and medical data, the MHRA opted to show compassion to UK patients and display common sense – even though only CBD has been classified as a medicine.

These two opposing approaches contrast with each other and reveal how certain measures, which are so dissimilar and irrational, are taken by governments from different countries, supposedly in order to reform certain drug policies which have been shown not to work, and which are ultimately implemented at the expense of those who really matter: patients and their health.

Comment Section

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At last something for better.


Myra Ann Sahlholdt

Cbd. oil is and shall continue to be a dietary supplement. Everyone shall be able to choose this Alternativ possibility. Cbd. oil definitely will make us healthier. I am a great believer of this. It needs to be legal.


Marlane Dodgion

I have neuropathy in my feet and there is a lot of pain will this stuff work for me


Scarlet Palmer

Dear Marlane,

Thank you for your comment. We are sorry to hear about your situation. Unfortunately, as Sensi Seeds is not a medical practice, we are not able to provide any advice relating to medical situations other than to consult your doctor or other licensed medical professional. This article, written specifically for healthcare providers who may not be aware of the many properties of cannabis, may be useful to you in talking with your doctor. You could also try to contact local medicinal cannabis support groups, if you have not already done so. In the UK, there is the United Patients Alliance (you can find them on Facebook) and in the US and EU there are many branches of NORML (google NORML followed by your area name). We hope this is helpful.

With best wishes,




I suffer from a rare condition called chronic cluster headaches there's no cure i have to have injections into the base of my head every month the medicine they use are steroids I tried cbd and it stopped them.I would like to see this sold in high street shops as I carnt use internet suppliers due to be being declared Legally bankrupt



You can canabidol cbd oil in health shops all over the country



Seeing as the UK hasnt actually left the EU yet then it is governed by EU laws as far as I am aware. It hasnt stopped us exporting there and neither should it.

The re classification of a 'herb' into a potential pharmaceutical is nothing new, profits dictate the governments interest, not the public health. We have administered cbd for many years, we know its benefits, we have provided evidence for decades. We also show similar benefits from other plants and herbs and spices that undoubtedly have medical benefits too. Do these things need a license to sell them? Of course not, what are we going to do, agree aples are beneficial and put them on prescription?

If this evidence and peoples genuine findings were really considered any rational caring government would ensure everybody is aware of it and recommending it's use. This could potentially save billions in health care allowing the public services to be financed properly. There are no toxins, it has never been illegal.

Clean products, as in any food related industry is important here. Know your sources, of course. But that is all, the rest is all profiteering and backdoor pharma opportunities. The British people need to continue waking up


jerry lalonde

I live in Canada and have nerve damage on both lower legs. I've heard of a patch you can get that helps with nerve damage. Do you have anything like this and is your product legal in Canada. ty


Scarlet Palmer

Dear Jerry

Thank you for your comment. We are sorry to hear about your situation. Unfortunately, as Sensi Seeds is not a medical practice, we are not able to provide any advice relating to medical situations other than to consult your doctor or other licensed medical professional. This article, written specifically for healthcare providers who may not be aware of the many properties of cannabis, may be useful to you in talking with your doctor. You could also try to contact local medicinal cannabis support groups, if you have not already done so. In the UK, there is the United Patients Alliance (you can find them on Facebook) and in the US and EU there are many branches of NORML (google NORML followed by your area name). We hope this is helpful.

With best wishes,




CBD Oil should be legal everywhere I was hooked on prescription drugs for years to “help my anxiety” and it did nothing but cause other problems. I was turned onto CBD OIL and it changed my life. I use CBD Oil everyday and it works better than anything I have tried in the past. I would recommend it to everyone. I am so glad to see that it has been recognized as a medicine in the UK. That is truly what CBD Oil is.


Raymond Maher

Do you think it would be possible to ask my Doctor to prescribe this,or would i be putting her in a bad position by doing so.


Chemney Young Blunt

CBD oil should be legal world wide. This extract is amazing from helping with pain among other health benefits.



I need legal cbd for a dog in UK now.what can I do?


Colleen Melville

I live in BC, Canada and it's legal to get a prescription for cannabis for medical reasons all across the country, regardless if percentage of CBD and THC. We can get it through licensed disturbers and medical dispensaries in many forms: buds, oils, capsules, teas, edibles, vaper, and even creams for things like arthritis. Cannabis IS classified as a herb. I got into using it for my epilepsy and was able to stop taking all of the anti-seizure drugs I was taking. I only need the CBD and it has treated my seizures a bit better than any of the drugs before; all 8 of them. It's really hard to know were to start and it took sometime for me to find the right dose. I've found out that it doesn't matter what ever strain I used as long as I knew what the percentage of the CBD was and did the calculations to figure out the dosage of the CBD. With the bud and the oils, it didn't matter what strain I used as long as I got 120mg of CBD. That's the way to use it; like any other drug. Right now in the government is going through the process the legalization of any use, medically or recreationally, later on this year (2018). As a note, in all of my research beforehand there has been NO documentation of anyone ever ODing on it. It's harder to get addicted to it than alcohol and any other drugs, and it takes less time to treat the addiction for those that do. CBD should be legal anywhere in the world because as it doesn't make you 'high', who wants to use it?


Ivor Tantrum

The big pharmaceuticals have known for years that Hemp and Cannabis plants hold many ingredients to cure us. They will lose millions on there products that is why we are being lied to and suppressed, Same with governments. The UK is the biggest grower/supplier of cannabis for medical re search and supplies several tons a year to other countries so the UK is a drug dealer in its own right but puts its subjects rights last. For 2500 years cannabis has been used as a medicine. When we extract from Heroin its OK to use it as a medicine, nothing more said because it is not called heroin. CBD is one of over 100 different compounds found in the plant and has now been classed as a medicine and is legal to use and buy in the UK. So lets stop calling it Cannabis, its an extract of so it is not Cannabis and should not carry the stigma name making the uneducated fearful. We also get fuel from the hemp plant, can make paper out of it, oil for cars, oil for cooking.. so whats the issue. The big guns will lose out.


Enid Dear

Having been involved in pharmaceutical and other research I know that Applied Research, when sponsored by companies, can be skewed towards profit making.


Paul Maguire

Do drs in the NHS need a licence to admin CBD oil to patients? My grandson is waiting to hear whether or not Epidiolex CBD will be given to him for his chronic epilepsy condition. Not sure if his consultant is right regarding getting this prescribed. We need to know so we can put him right about this important matter.


Scarlet Palmer

Hi Paul,

Thank you for your comment. The most recent official news that I can find right now is a report in the Guardian from Monday 25th of June which states that Epidiolex "should be available to prescribe by doctors in Britain and the rest of Europe by mid-2019 if the European Medicines Agency approves it early next year." However, things have moved quickly in the UK in the last few weeks and it's possible that your grandson's case is under review since the breakthrough decision to allow Billy Caldwell to use full spectrum cannabis oil.

I'm sorry I can't give you a more definite answer. If you're not already in touch with the United Patients Alliance, I strongly recommend you get in touch with them - they are easy to find on Facebook and can offer support, advice and up-to-date news on all aspects of medicinal cannabis.

With best wishes,




As far as I can see from pages online, CBD Oil from Cannabis, which has a THC content of 0.03% or lower is legal.
CBD made from Hemp is legal, as it has a THC content of less than 0.03%.

What's isn't clear is … if CBD with 0.03% THC an be sold as a food supplement, but there doesn't appear to be any regulations specific to it in regulations about 'food supplements'. Then it's a wander into the nightmare world of food labelling, doses, etc.

If CBD from Cannabis and Hemp is marketed as a medicine, with 'claims' of medicinal benefits, then one must obtain a medicines licence.

It's also impossible to find out UK Import Duty on CBD in bulk for UK distribution.
One final word; I am so disheartened to see that people have been campaigning for 'legalisation' when what was needed was decriminalisation. Legalisation now means that very large pharmaceutical companies will be the main benefactors of this legislation...and we all know how dangerous 'Big Pharma' drugs can become. For me, it's a very sad that a completely beneficial plant is to be carved up and given to massive 'harmers'.


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